Encyclopedia of Semiconductor Nanotechnology, 7-Volume Set


BROWSE CONTENTS (Chapters organized in an alphabetical A-Z format are available online)
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Encyclopedia of Semiconductor Nanotechnology is the first encyclopedia ever published in the field of semiconductor nanotechnology. This multivolume encyclopedia covers a wide variety of advanced and emerging developments and achievements in the area of semiconductor nanotechnology. It covers the theoretical and experimental aspects of semiconductor nanomaterials dealing with materials design, synthesis, growth, spectroscopic characterizations, fabrication, processing, nanostructure modeling, structural-properties relationships, and fabrication of nanodevices. Most of the significant developments made in the areas of sensors, electronics, optoelectronics, photonics, biomedical, magnetic, and environmental-based devices are mainly related to semiconductor materials. The interdisciplinary research nature of semiconductor nanostructures and their applications is well-reflected in each volume of this encyclopedia. Each state-of-the-art review chapter, discussing various aspects of semiconductor nanotechnology and ranging from growth, fabrication, and characterization of semiconductor nanomaterials to their diverse nanodevice applications, is self-contained with sufficient cross-references and written in a clear and concise fashion.

  • The world's first encyclopedia published on semiconductor nanotechnology.
  • Contains the most up-to-date reference work summarizing two decades of pioneering research on semiconductor nanotechnology.
  • Contains 92 review chapters (over 4200 pages) contributed by more than 270 of the world’s leading scientists working in the area of semiconductor nanotechnology.
  • Edited and written by internationally known authoritative experts in the area of semiconductor nanotechnology.
  • Over 22,000 bibliographic citations providing extensive cross-referencing in each article.
  • Over 3,000 of illustrations, figures, tables, and thousands of equations.
  • High-quality figures and tables summarizing performance parameters of materials.
  • Timely, authoritative, and comprehensive chapters are arranged in alphabetical order.
  • Published in both print and online formats.
  • A valuable and unique source of essential information for researchers working in the field.
This volume contains 11 chapters contributed by 30 leading scientists from 8 different countries. The various nanomaterials described include metal oxides, nitrides, carbo-nitrides, silicon, and carbon nanotubes, along with their various properties, including structural, optical, electrical, optoelectronic, dielectric, magnetic, and electrochemical. The following applications of semiconductor nanomaterials are explored: environmental catalysts, field effect transistors (FETs), solar cells, sensors, electromagnetic absorbers, electrochemical capacitors, optical limiting devices, photovoltaic cells and photodiodes, fuel cells, hydrogen storage, actuators and shape memory, corrosion protection, rechargeable lithium batteries, Schottky diodes, high-resolution printable conductors, conductivity, photoconductivity, and photocatalysis.

This volume contains 15 review chapters contributed by 47 leading scientists from 9 different countries. Semiconductor nanomaterials discussed include the following: titanium oxide, indium oxide, tungsten oxide, iron oxide, cobalt oxide, tin oxide and ZnO nanostructures, carbon nanotubes, graphene, chalcogenide semiconductors (II-VI, III-V, and IV-VI based semiconductors) and their based core/shell nanostructures, indium and GaN nanostructures, lead sulfide nanostructures, InAs, PbSe, CdSe, Ge, CdS anostructures, colloidal semiconductor quantum dots, colloidal semiconductor quantum wires, colloidal semiconductor quantum rods, several 1D, 2D, and 3D metal oxide nanostructures,1D core/shell nanowires, cuprous oxide, and diluted magnetic semiconductor nanostructures.

Interestingly, in a separate chapter, the effects of numerous dopants (group I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, rare-earth and transition metal elements) on properties of ZnO nanostructures are discussed. This volume also include summaries of applications of the aforementioned semiconductor nanomaterials such as nanofluids, lithium ion batteries, supercapacitors, solar cells, biological imaging, labeling cells via nanoparticle uptake, FRET donors, luminescent magnetic properties, multilayer optical data storage, LEDs, electronic devices, photocatalysts, photoconductors, sensors, FETs, photovoltaics, thermoelectric devices, lasing, polarized light-emitting diodes, solar energy conversion, biological imaging, gas/chemical/ bio-/electrochemical sensors, catalysis, photonic crystals, bactericidal effects, and electronic devices.

With 15 review chapters contributed by 36 leading scientists from 10 different countries, this volume is devoted to the theoretical and experimental aspects of semiconductor nanotechnology. The applications of semiconductor nanomaterials explored include solid oxide fuel cells, nanoelectronics, nanophotonics, nano-electro-mechanical switches, mechanical resonators, suspended tubes for pressure sensing, nanobio probes, metal ion detector probes, field emission displays, channel waveguides, photonic crystals, memory, field emitters, phototransistors for light detection, bioapplications, intelligent sensors, gas sensors, hybrid systems, nanowire-based solar cells, field emission displays and LEDs, photocatalysis, chemical sensors, catalysis, and sensors.

Discussions focus on various semiconductor nanomaterials such as Eu3+/Cd2+ ion-doped ZnO, Zr4+/Gd3+ ion-doped CeO2, 1D carbon nanotubes, 1D graphene nanoribbons, silicon nanowires, ZnO nanowires, ZnO nanorods, ZnO nanobelts, ZnO nanotubes, quantum dots (ZnO, fluorescent, ZnS, CdS, CdSe, CdTe, PbSe, and PbS) germanium nanostructures, hierarchical ZnO, SnO2, Cu2O, a-Fe2O3 nanostructures, sulfide (IIB group sulfides, IIIA group sulfides, IVA group sulfide) semiconductor nanostructures, metal-semiconductor heterostructures, core-shell metal-metal oxide heterostructures, 11-VI and III-V semiconductor hierarchical nanostructures, iron oxide, 0D, 1D and 2D indium oxide nanostructures, group IV semiconductor nanostructures, carbonic nanocrystals, TiO2 nanostructures, barium oxide-based nanostructures, barium titanate nanostructures.

This volume contains 10 chapters contributed by 29 renowned scientists and focuses on the theoretical, experimental, and application aspects of semiconductor nanomaterials, especially metal-oxide semiconductor nanostructures. Included are detailed descriptions on the synthesis, fabrication, and characterizations of various semiconductor nanomaterials: network-structured porous film with hexagonally packed lattices using nanoparticles as the skeleton (also called as micro/nanostructured ordered porous films), silicon, zinc oxide, tin oxide, iron oxide, indium oxide, titanium oxide, tungsten oxide, gallium oxide, copper oxide, cadmium oxide, bismuth oxide, barium oxide, vanadium oxide, silicon oxide, zirconium oxide, molybdenum oxide, nickel oxide, cobalt oxides, cerium oxide CaBi4Ti4O15, CaBi2, Nb2O9, Sr3Ti2O7, PbBi4Ti4O15, PbBi2Nb2O9, PbTiO3, SrTiO3, Cs2Nb4O11, Sr2SnO4, NaSbO3, Zn2GeO4, NaTaO3, K4Nb6O17, La2Zr2O7, Sm2Zr2O7, and Nd2Zr2O7.

Also discussed are the various properties and applications of metal-metal oxide nanostructures systems: BiNbO4, BiTaO4, transition metal-metal oxide nanomaterials, d- Block, p-Block, f –Block, element-based metal oxides; binary metal oxide nanomaterials systems such as TiO2–ZnO, TiO2–SiO2 aerogel monoliths, V2O5–SiO2 xerogels, ZnO–SnO2, WOx-TiO2, SnO2–TiO2, Bi2O3–TiO2, attapulgite–SnO2, attapulgite–TiO2, and Co3O4/BiVO4; and ternary semiconductor nanomaterials such as ZnO/TiO2–SiO2, V2O5/TiO2–SiO2, ZnO/TiO2/SnO2, attapulgite–SnO2–TiO2, Co co-doped TiO2/SiO2, N-doped TiO2/SiO2, and doped (Bi, Cr, Fe, Co, Ni, Mg, Ti, Mn, V, Sm, Nb, W, Zr, F, Pt, Ag, Au, Cu, Zn, carbon) and metal-oxide semiconductor nanomaterials.  This volume also explores the various applications of the aforementioned semiconductor nanomaterials, such as sensors, catalysis, biosensors and other bioapplications, field-emission devices, field effect transistors, MOSFETs, solar cells, photo-electrochemical generation of hydrogen, water purification, self-cleaning surfaces, cancer detection and therapy, memory devices, air purifications, nano-lasers, nanogenerators, LEDs, light detectors, lithium ion batteries, and photocatalysis.

VOLUME 5: (N-Q):
This volume contains 11 review chapters contributed by 31 leading scientists. It focuses on the advanced synthesis, characterizations, and various applications of semiconductor nanomaterials. Discussed in detail are the methods, approaches, and processes used to prepare, synthesize, and fabricate a variety of nanostructured semiconductors, including the following: hydrolytic sol–gel, polymer precursor, hydrothermal, solvothermal, bottom-up, top-down, template-assisted, orientation control and substrate consideration, composition tunability, top-down etching, plasma polymerization, super-critical carbon dioxide, simple sol–gel, sol, chemical precipitation, pyrolysis, vapor deposition, surfactant-assisted synthesis, microwave method, self-organized assembly, external force-driven self-assembly, template-directed self-assembly, thermal vacuum evaporation, electron beam gun evaporation, molecular beam epitaxy, GDARE, DC magnetron sputtering, RF magnetron sputtering, IBS and DIBS, pulse laser deposition, and cathodic arc vapor deposition.

The semiconductor nanomaterials explored in this volume include the following: zinc oxide, titanium oxide, cadmium sulfide, tin oxide, zinc sulfide, indium oxide, indium nitride, gallium nitride, aluminum nitride, silicon, selenium, cadmium selenide, metal sufides, core/shell nanoheterostructures (CdSe/ ZnSe/ ZnS core/shell/shell nanostructures), and double core/shell nanostructures (core/double shell CdSe/ ZnSe/ZnS nanomaterials). Also discussed are various applications of the aforementioned semiconductor nanomaterials, such as photocatalytic, field effect transistors, LEDs, laser diodes, solar cells, photodiodes, dielectric, field emission devices, nanogenerators, chemical/gas/biosensors, catalysis, biotechnological applications, photovoltaic device applications, and SAW devices. In a separate section, some thin film growth processes such as the Volmer-Weber Growth mechanism, Frank-Van der Merwe or Layer Growth process, and the Stranski-Krastinov Nucleation and Growth process, are also reviewed.

VOLUME 6: (R-S):
This volume consists of state-of-the-art review chapters on various aspects of semiconductor nanomaterials from Groups IV, II–VI, III–V, and other nanomaterials such as silicon, germanium, zinc oxide, zinc sulfide, copper oxide, copper sulfide, niobium oxide, titanium oxide, gallium nitride, aluminum oxide, aluminum nitride, indium phosphide, indium oxide, graphene, carbon, zirconium oxide, indium gallium nitride, indium selenide, germanium telluride, copper indium selenide, gallium selenide, palladium selenide, lead selenide, cadmium selenide, cadmium sulfide, aluminum gallium nitride, gallium arsenide, silicide, tin oxide, iron oxide, indium tin oxide, gallium oxide, selenium, cadmium telluride, and Sn3O4. Typical 1D semiconducting nanoscale heterostructures are also discussed, including co-axial 1D nanoscale heterostructures (core/multishell n-GaN/ InxGa1-xN/GaN/p-AlGaN/p-GaN nanowires, n-GaN/InGaN/p-GaN nanowires, GaN/AlN/AlGaN nanowires and other segmented 1D nanoscale heterostructures, hierarchical 1D nanoscale heterostructures, quantum dots, 1D quantum structures, quantum branched structures, and quantum branched nanowire structures.

This volume also explores the various applications of semiconductor nanomaterials, such as fuel cells (hydrogen-oxygen, propane-oxygen, methyl alcohol oxygen, phosphoric acid, molten carbonate, solid polymer electrolyte or proton exchange membrane, solid oxide, biochemical, and direct methanol), electronic switches, resistive memory devices, photocatalysis, catalysis, antibacterial, bioapplications, photo-electrochemical cells, photovoltaic cells, biological labels, nanosensors, electronic devices, energy devices, light-emitting devices, field-effect transistors, field emission devices, electric force microscopy tips, nanoscale interconnects, and FRET-based quantum dot sensors.

VOLUME 7: (T-Z):
This volume contains 15 review chapters contributed by over 50 renowned scientists from 13 countries and covers a variety of nanomaterials, including titania-based composite semiconductors; carbon-based materials (carbon nanotubes, graphene); 1D ternary germinate (zinc germanate, indium germanate, and so on); tin oxide; vanadium pentoxide; silicon; indium nitride; zinc oxide; gallium nitride; zinc sulfide; Zn2SnO4; Zn2SiO4; ZnAl2O4; BaTiO3; SrTiO3; ZnCr2O4; CoFe2O4; ZnFe2O4; ZnGa2O4; In2GeO2O7; titanium oxide–metal oxide (TiO2–MOx) nanocomposites such as TiO2–ZnO, TiO2–SnO2, TiO2–In2O3,TiO2–Bi2O3, TiO2–Fe2O3/ Fe3O4, TiO2–CuxO, and ZrO2–TiO2; TiO2–NiO, TiO2–WO3, TiO2–V2O5, TiO2–CoO, TiO2–Al2O3, and TiO2–CeO2. Also explored in this volume are the various applications based on the aforementioned semiconductor nanomaterials, such as photocatalytic property and applications, photo-electrocatalytic property and applications, photocatalytic water splitting and hydrogen evolution, transistors, thin film solar cells, flat-panel displays, gas sensors, field-emission devices, field effect transistors, humidity sensors, electrochemical sensors, electrochemical devices, electronic devices, optical devices, thermoelectric applications, photoconductivity and optical switching, lasers, nanogenerators, photocatalytic applications, and bioapplications.


This encyclopedia is intended for a broad audience working in the area of semiconductor nanotechnology. Because of its interdisciplinary nature, this encyclopedia will be a reference source for both new and seasoned scientists, engineers, researchers, upper-level undergraduate and graduate students, college and university professors, industrial and government laboratories, high-tech companies, defense research laboratories, individual research groups and various other research professionals both in academia and in the industry working in the fields of nanotechnology, materials science, physics, and electrical engineering.


Professor Ahmad Umar is the deputy director for the Promising Centre for Sensors and Electronic Devices at Najran University. He specializes in semiconductor nanotechnology, which includes growth, properties, and applications of semiconductor nanostructures in gas, chemical and biosensors, optoelectronic devices, field effect transistors, dye-sensitized solar cells, Li-ion batteries, supercapacitors, and catalysis. He has authored 337 research articles, 23 book chapters, 21 review articles, and  185 conference proceedings/abstracts/technical reports. He serves as the editor-in-chief of Science of Advanced Materials, Journal of Nanoelectronics and Optoelectronics, and Sensor Letters, all published by American Scientific Publishers



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